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Does internet create












    democracy?

by Alinta Thornton


B

Bad Subjects Production Team. (1995)
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Barlow, J.P. Crime and Puzzlement, http://www.eff.org/Publications/
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C

Carey, J. (1989) "Space, Time and Communications: a tribute to Harold Innis", in Communication as Culture. New York: Routledge: 12.

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Curran, J. (1996) Cultural Studies and Communication. London: Arnold.

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D

Dahlgren, P. (1995) Television and the Public Sphere: Citizenship, Democracy and the Media. London: Sage Publications.

Dertouzos, Michael L. "Communications, Computers and Networks". Scientific American, 1991-09: 30-37.

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E

Electronic Frontier Foundation. http://www.eff.org

Electronic Frontier Foundation, 2001, Chilling Effects of Anti-Terrorism,
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Electronic Frontier Foundation, (2001, 2), Marin Co. Superior Court Ruling Against DoubleClick Demurrer,
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Electronic Frontiers Australia. 2001. http://www.efa.org.au/Issues/
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Electronic Journal of Communication.
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Ethnologue, 2001.
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ETR Group: New Internet User Survey Highlights.
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F

Fernback, Jan and Thompson, B. Virtual Communities, Abort, Retry, Failure?
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Fisher, D. Governance of Cyberspace.
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Foucault, M. (1979) Discipline and Punish. New York: Random House.

Fraser, N. (1993) "Rethinking the Public Sphere: a Contribution to the critique of Actually Existing Democracy" in Calhoun, C, ed. (1993) Habermas and the Public Sphere. Massachussetts: MIT Press.

Fraser, N. (1993) "Rethinking the Public Sphere: a Contribution to the critique of Actually Existing Democracy" in Calhoun, C, ed. (1993) Habermas and the Public Sphere. Massachussetts: MIT Press.

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G

Global Democracy Network. http://www.gdn.org/

Google, 2002. Google at a Glance. (Quotes Jupiter Media Metrix, November 2001)
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Greenwald, Jeff. (1994) "Media Typhoon". Wired. December 1994: 82.

Gregston, B.(1995) "Open Secrets". Internet. 12:28.

Gore, Al. (1995a) "Forging a New Athenian Age of Democracy". Intermedia. 22(2): 4.

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H

Habermas, J. (1989) The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Translation by T Burger with F Lawrence. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Heitman, K. (1996) "EFA: Censorship Crisis". Internet Australasia. 2(2): 46.

Hitwise, October 2001.
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Hong Kong Voice of Democracy. China Net restrictions grow stronger.
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Hunter, C.D (1997) Internet Filter Effectiveness: Testing Over and Underinclusive Blocking Decisions of Four Popular Filters
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I

Iverson, Thor (1999) "Will privatization of the Net spell the end of its gritty common ground?", Metroactive Central, 1999–01- 14-20.
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J

Jones, M. (1996a) "Partying on the Web". Internet Australasia. 2 (2):17.

Jones, M. (1996b) "Marching into the Flame Pit". Internet Australasia. 2 (2):24.

Jones, M. (1996c) "The Transformation of Politics". Internet Australasia. 2 (2):27.

Jupiter Media Metrix, 2001.
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K

Kapor, Mitchell. (1995) "Civil Liberties in Cyberspace". Scientific American: The Computer in the 21st Century. New York: Scientific American Inc:174.

Kapor, M.(1) Travelling down the Information highway with Mitchell Kapor.
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Kellner, D. (1995) "Intellectuals and new technologies." Media, Culture and Society. 17(3).

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L

Lambert, T. (1995) "Jurgen Habermas: Luddite Dragon or Defender of the Weak? Effects of Intertextuality on Meaning in Jurgen Habermas". CCCC, Washington, DC.

Levy, S. (1994) "E-money". Wired. December:174.

Lewis, A. (1992) "The Meaning of Freedom". Make No Law. New York: Vintage: 47.

Lockard, J. (1995) "Resisting Cyber-English", Bad Subjects. 1996-02:24.
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Lull, J. (1995) "Culture and Cultural Power", in Media, Culture and Cultural Power. Cambridge: Polity Press: 66.

Lull, J. (1991) "Tianenmen Square and Beyond" in China Turned On - Television, Reform and Resistance. London: Routledge: 182.

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M

Madanmohan, R. 1999. Multilingual Publishing on the Internet
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Malamud, C. Exploring the Internet, A Technical Travelogue. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Malone, T and Rockart, J. (1995) "Computers, Networks and the Corporation". Scientific American: The Computer in the 21st Century. New York: Scientific American Inc:140.

Mansky, E. Politics and the Net
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Mattelart, A and Piemme, J-M. (1980) "New means of communication, new questions for the left". Media, Culture and Society. 2(4).

McChesney, R. "The Internet and U. S. Communication Policy-Making in Historical and Critical Perspective". Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 1 (4):
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McLaughlin, L. (1993) "Feminism, the public sphere, media and democracy". Media Culture and Society. 15(4): 599.

McLuhan, M. (1994) Understanding Media. Massachussetts: MIT Press.

Meyrowitz, J. (1985) No Sense of Place. New York: OUP: 155-125.

Mieszkowski, K. (June 2001). Nowhere Left to Hide. Salon.
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N

Net Value. June 2001. Survey. http://www.netvalue.com/

NUA. August 2001. Survey: How Many Online?
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P

Peters, J D. (1993) "Distrust of Representation". Media, Culture and Society. 15(4):41.

Poole, R. (1989) "Public Spheres" in Australian Communications in the Public Sphere. Melbourne: MacMillan:16.

Poster, M. (1) Cyberdemocracy: Internet and the Public Sphere.
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Poster, M. (1990) The Mode of Information. Cambridge: Polity Press: 1-20.

Poster, M. (1995) "The Net as a Public Sphere?" Wired.
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Radio Free Europe, 1997.
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R

Rheingold, H. (1) Howard Rheingold on the Well. http://www.rheingold.com/

Rheingold, H. (1993) The Virtual Community. Massachussetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

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S

Schneider, S. (1995) The Public Sphere and Computer-Mediated Political Discussion.
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Schwartz, E. (1994) "Power to the People". Wired. 1994-12: 88.

Schultz, J. (1989) "Failing the Public" in Australian Communications in the Public Sphere. Melbourne: MacMillan: 68.

Sclove, R. (1995) Democracy and Technology. New York: The Guildford Press.

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Singh, R. (1994) "Flaws in the law". Australian Personal Computer. 1994-08: 88.

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T

Tesler, L. "Computers, Networks and Work". New York: Scientific American:84.

Thompson, J. B.(1990) "Rethinking Ideology in the Era of Mass Communication", in Ideology and Modern Culture - Critical Social Theory in the Era of Mass Communication. Cambridge: Polity Press: 264.

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U

US Census Bureau, "Voting and Registration in the Election of 2000", February 2000,
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W

Wallich, P. (1995) "Wire Pirates". Scientific American: The Computer in the 21st Century. New York: Scientific American: 186.

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Z

Zook, M.A. (1999) Internet Geography Research Project. University of California.
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©Alinta Thornton
Masters Thesis
MA in Journalism
University of Technology, Sydney

 

 


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