The cousin line of Ruby Jullion - the daughter of Frederick Henry Jullion and Eleanor Mary Kaderica Clarke

Merran White, writing in August 2003, states: "My grandmother was Ruby Jullion and her daughter, Chloe Ruby Crabbe, is my mother. I am absolutely fascinated by the information  ... and my mother (who is 93) has several documents in her possession with regard to the Jullion family.  She too is intrigued by all the information available."

Ruby JullionImages on this page adapted from family photographs courtesy of Chloe Ruby Crabbe and Merran White.

Merran continues:- "The children of Frederick Henry Jullion (Accountant) and Eleanor Mary Kaderica Clarke were:-   Eldest son - Claude Jullion (Actor then Theatre Manager in Bristol) Daughter (my grandmother)  - Ruby Jullion born 2.11.1881 died 1970 - and a 2nd son - Cecil Jullion (Engineering Draughtsman). Claude Jullion had two sons. The elder was Fred Jullion and the second son was John JullionClaude was married twice."

Information from Merran and her mother gives identities to the family members in the photograph adjacent as: "Back row L to R  Rosa Jullion, Lizzie Jullion and Julia Jullion. The latter was always known as "Aunt Poms". Middle row L to R  Eleanor Mary Kaderica Jullion and Ruby Jullion. Bottom Row Chloe Ruby Mansfield (daughter of Ruby Jullion).

Ruby Jullion married Ralph Edwin Mansfield on the 20th June 1908 and had two daughters.  The eldest, Chloe Ruby Mansfield (my mother) was born 20th November 1909. The second, Iris Vivien Mansfield was born on the 22nd July 1913 and died in March 2003. We think St. Mary Redcliffe church was where Ruby Jullion was married.  It was situated at the bottom of Elm Grove Road, where she lived,  which was a very steep hill. The driver of the carriage wouldn't go down the steep hill and took her up the hill and a less steep way round which made her five minutes late at the church, much to her annoyance.

Rosa and Poms eventually became court dressmakers in London's Kilburn district - the nickname "Poms" probably being the result of her involvement in the fashion world (Pom-pons). My mother recalls going to see them in their workshop when she was eight or nine years old. They would have been in their sixties by then. They gave her scraps of white satin to make dolls' dresses.  Rosa was always laughing but Poms was more serious and was cleverer than Rosa.  I understand from mother that they often used to visit her family in Teddington and that they always used the Jullien spelling of the surname - the French aspect of the name being attractive, no doubt, for customers! Aunt Poms was unmarried and eventually moved to Paris."

Site Note - This information is reminiscent of the award winning BBC series, "The House of Eliott" written by Eileen Atkins and (Upstairs Downstairs) Jean Marsh. In this story, set in the 1920s, the beautiful Eliott sisters, Beatrice (Stella Gonet) and Evangeline, (Louise Lombard) go from rags to riches, following the sudden death of their father. "Already 30, Beatrice is considered to be 'on the shelf'. Marriage opportunities passed her by while she cared for her father and younger sister. But her spirit is far from dampened. She is witty, good humoured, talented at business and loves her sister Evie. At 18, Evie seems painfully shy and somewhat over-protected by her older sister. But it is her integrity and talent for design which form the foundation for the sisters' success. Using their influential contacts and their flair and passion for design, the pair fight their way to the top and set up their own fashion company catering exclusively to the rich and famous."

The film industry was an incidental background story in this series and there was, of course, an Art Director/Production//Set Designer, named Albert Jullion - best known for his production design on Alfred Hitchcock's classic 1935 film of John Buchan's 1915 story, The 39 Steps. Other credits include The Secret Agent/Sabotage - Production Designer, Set Designer, 1936 - The Lady Vanishes - Set Designer, 1938 and Idol of Paris - Art Director, 1948.

Merran continues - "Cecil Jullion married Elizabeth Godsell and had one daughter, Kathleen Jullion who lives in South Africa - and is married. Chloe Ruby Mansfield married John Alexander Crabbe on the 18th February 1939.  Their eldest son, Ian Malcolm Alexander Crabbe, was born on 27.8.1942 and twins, Colin Roy Crabbe and Merran Jacqueline Crabbe, on 2.7.46 - Colin being the elder by 5 minutes! I am married to Philip Grahame White. We have two children, Melanie Gaye and Stuart Van - and we have two 21st Century grandchildren ...

The photograph (right) is of a family group taken on Frederick Henry Jullion's yacht, an ex-coastguard cutter, named "Chloe". Ruby Jullion first met Ralph Mansfield on Frederick Jullion's boat and their daughter, Chloe, was named in celebration of this meeting.

In the foreground are (right to left) Ralph Mansfield (Ruby's future husband), Ruby Jullion (later Mansfield), Frederick Henry Jullion (who was a very large man) and Eleanor Mary Kaderica (Clarke) Jullion. The others in the picture are unknown but are most likely to have been "family".

My mother has mentioned that Ruby Jullion's family had to speak French until after breakfast every day. They lived in Cotham (Bristol) and Ruby attended Redland High School until she was 18 years old - so she was very well educated for girls of her generation.

Claude Jullion in costume

These two photographs of Claude Jullion in military uniform were taken when he was in a play called 'The Death and Glory Boys'.  Eleanor (his mother) and sister Ruby used to buy bladders of lard to make up a mixture for removing his make-up.

Claude used to own a pet jackdaw that talked and mother remembers the bird hopping around."

"The Death and Glory Boys" was the nickname of the 17th Lancers - who later adopted as their badge, the skull and crossbones. It was one of the regiments of the Light Brigade, whose cavalry charge at Balaclava, in 1854, became the subject of Alfred, Lord Tennyson's immortal poem, "The Charge of the Light Brigade" written in October, 1864.

Half a league half a league/Half a league onward
All in the valley of Death/Rode the six hundred:

Taken on stage in front of the backdrop to his then current production, this photograph shows Claude with his two sons. "The eldest, Fred Jullion, went into the Navy and later the Fleet Air Arm. John Jullion was the son of the second marriage. Claude's first wife was Mabel Williams the mother of Fred Jullion. Mabel died as the result of a haemorrhage. His second wife was Mary Long - the mother of John Jullion."

John clearly has Jullion eyes. (See below)

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Boy child age 5 - Jullion or Gardner?Capt. Francis Geary Gardner "My grandmother always used to refer to this portrait of a boy, aged 5, as grandfather and, of course, this could have been Henry Hamlet (Jullion) or her maternal grandfather Capt. Francis Geary Gardner - of the Royal Marines; we will never know now.  My mother has always assumed, by the mention of "grandfather", that it was hers.

The history of this Gardner line goes back to the time of Edward 1 (1239 - 1307).  I have miniature paintings of Capt. Francis Geary Gardner and his wife, Elizabeth Ann Wells.  This is Francis in Royal Marine uniform."

Site Notes

The high forehead, hair-line and bright (deep) set eyes would suggest that the portrait on the right is Francis Geary Gardner as a child rather than a Jullion family member. The setting of "Jullion" eyes, broadly speaking, tends to be quite distinctive. Additionally, the style of the portrait - particularly the landscape - and the fashion, is probably more in keeping with an eighteenth century work.

Frederick Henry Jullion was the eldest brother of Emily Jane Jullion who was a great grandmother in the paternal line of this "Family Vault". Ruby Jullion was a first cousin of Henry Tragenza Jullion and a niece of Emily Jane (Jullion) Cloutman.

Merran has subsequently added: "Something my mother has told me that Ruby said to her about Henry Tragenza Jullion is that he was Bishop of Antigua Cathedral in St. Kitts - although we are not certain about this."

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The small colour images (below) are vignettes taken from a 19th century Jullion family Dance Card and Programme. Two of these exist, the earlier being the one shown below which belonged to Eleanor (Clarke) Jullion and upon which, as Merran points out, " ... there aren't that many names filled in since her husband, Frederick Henry Jullion, was Master of Ceremonies on this occasion."

This earlier card - dated the day after St. Valentine's Day, 1884 - also demonstrates that Frederick Henry Jullion was involved with The First Gloucestershire Volunteer Artillery Corps, being ranked as Orderly Room Sergeant. According to a later (1894) Bristol Kingswood Directory, Frederick H. Jullion was also an Auctioneer - which profession would have made him ideally suited to the role of Master of Ceremonies for the evening, whilst Eleanor was more than occupied with her duties as his partner!

The 1890 programme from which the vignettes are taken belonged to Frederick Henry Jullion himself - and the Artillery Corps function was held on the exact day of St. Valantine's Day, 14th February of this year. Frederick was not "on duty" on this occasion. Merran notes that " ... he danced all twenty-two dances! Although the pencilling is now very faded, I can still make out some of the names on the card: Mrs. J. (his wife), a partner named Florence and a Mrs. Aldersley."

The "Promenade" was scheduled for 8.30pm and the first dance listed was "The Outpost" - a Polka - the dance genre popularised in England by the conductor and impresario, Louis-Antoine Jullien (qv link esp. Note 2). Supper was scheduled for about 11.30pm with dancing recommencing at 12.50am. In true tradition, there was a 'last waltz" - "Bid me good-bye" - at 3.40am. The music was provided by the String Band of the Artillery Corps and, with military precision, each of the twenty-two dances was scheduled to the minute under the baton of the same conductor, Mr. F. Watts. As Merran concludes, " ... they must have been much fitter in those days as there didn't appear to be much time for resting!"

By way of a punctuation mark in time, this was the era of the Sudan Wars and Egypt Campaigns of 1882-1898. The Sudan Wars witnessed the death of General Gordon at Khartoum, on 26th January, 1885 while, shortly before this, the Zulu War in South Africa had taken place. Soon after Sudan and Egypt came yet another conflict in South Africa - the Boer War. The Volunteer companies were then, as they are now, the next line of call in the event of escalation. As a result, the atmosphere in Bristol - and Britain - would probably have been one of gaiety and of living for the immediate. The social divide between rich and poor was partially screened in a military context. Britain was powerful, the fruits of the Industrial Revolution were ripening, new money was being made and life was powerful too.

In the wider context, it should be remembered that an Empire-building Britain had been involved in several different wars and campaigns throughout the century in which Henry Hamlet Jullion and his children flourished. Born a short time after the victories of Trafalgar and of Waterloo, Henry Hamlet Jullion married Charlotte Hayward and their first son Frederick Henry Jullion, was born in September 1848. The mid-century Crimean War and the Mutiny in India would have been backdrops to Frederick's early childhood. When he died, in 1872, the European Franco-Prussian War (1871-72) was ending. This war established both the Third French Republic and the German Empire. It had other far-reaching effects too: a desire for revenge which guided French policy for the following half-century and a Prussian militarism which laid the groundwork for later German imperialistic ventures. In addition, the Papal States no longer enjoyed the protection of Napoleon III and were annexed by Italy, thus completing its unification. These events were to be links in a chain of causes that set off "the Great War" - World War I - a period of tragedy and death that would see the flowers of an international generation sucked into the sands of Gallipoli or beneath the mud of France and Belgium - a time through which Merran's mother, the young Chloe Ruby Mansfield, spent her early childhood, turning nine years old just a few days after the Armistice of 1918.

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Frederick Henry Jullion was an uncle of Enid Audrey Cloutman (daughter of Emily Jane Jullion and Curtis William Cloutman). She married H. J. D. Smythe in 1914 - and was a direct cousin to Chloe Ruby (Mansfield) Crabbe, Merran's mother. Enid died in 1971 at Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.

Given this information, it is more than likely that Henry James Drew Smythe (born 1891) would have known Claude Jullion as a result of his various theatrical exploits as a medical student in Bristol (about 1912) and would, no doubt, have met him through Enid - his future wife - as well.

See The 1919 letters of HJDS to  his wife whilst serving in Bavaria on the International Commission for the Repatriation of Prisoners. Dearest Blue Eyes to read a series of letters from Jimmy to Enid, written in 1919. At this time, he was with the International Commission for the Repatriation of Prisoners of War in Bavaria and she was at the Hotel Crystal, Boulogne, serving as a V.A.D.

They had been married in November 1914, soon after the outbreak of World War 1 and saw each other only on infrequent Leave opportunities. This is the portrait of a relationship as much as an observation, with anecdotes, contained within a complete personal report of a few weeks of his work and travels in Germany and Austria less than two months after the Armistice that ended The Great War.

Through the research material of her mother, Chloe Ruby Mansfield - Merran has also provided a line of enquiry which promises to solve something of a Jullion family mystery.

It involves the family Coat of Arms and a "missing" Dukedom in France.

Follow the Jullion generations back in time via the top of each page or click here (or on the coat of arms) to jump a few generations and access the new (September 2003) material and subsequent research pages.

Click on this image of King William III to access de Julien information of that era

A fellow medical student - and actor - (Richard Irving Dacre) - became the best man at "Smythie's" wedding. They were later to serve together in World War 1 in the R.A.M.C. See also The World War 1 Memoirs of Richard Irving Dacre - R.A.M.C. Richard Irving Dacre Memoirs.

Of November 1914, Richard Irving Dacre wrote: "Jimmy Smythe, who was one of my brother officers, came down from Chelmsford to get married to Enid Cloutman and asked me to be his best man. I was only too glad and "Smythie" stayed the night with me. Everything went well. James and I arrived at the Church - St. Mary Redcliffe - and, due to the minute, the bride arrived, but there was no parson. Minutes, like hours, kept passing by and I became thoroughly upset and frightened. Lots of thoughts passed through my mind. Was I to blame? Should I have ordered a parson. No. What should I do? Should I dash out and try and find one? Where should I go and where was the nearest cab-rank? The bride began to weep and I was beside myself. Something must be done, I said to myself -when the parson arrived ten minutes late. I looked at my watch; would there be time before three for them to be married? However they were married and they duly went off to their honeymoon; but that wedding took years off my life." (Courtesy John Dacre.)

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October 2003

Merran's grandfather, Ralph Mansfield, worked in London for B.A.T. (British American Tobacco) and was an assistant to M.A. Wood at Head Office Engineering Department.

A Company Bulletin, dated October 1923, notes that Ralph Mansfield was " ... accorded the honour of conveying the Duke and Duchess of York in his motor-launch, "Minbob", on the occasion of Their Royal Highnesses' visit to Twickenham for the second Annual Regatta of the Civil Service Rowing Association on June 30th."

This picture, taken at the time, reveals Elizabeth, Duchess of York, seated at the stern of the launch, next to Ruby (Jullion) Mansfield who is partially obscured by the royal bowler of Prince Albert, Duke of York! Seated in front of the Duke is (Sir) Louis Greig.

Ralph Mansfield is at the wheel and is flanked by two (currently unknown) men, presumed to be security officers. The enigmatic Wing Commander Greig enjoyed a close personal connection with Prince Albert, who was destined to become George VI, following the death of his father, George V, and the abdication of his brother, Edward. Elizabeth (Bowes-Lyon) became, of course, the much revered "Queen Mother" who died in 2002.

On-line access to purchaseIn 1909, when he was thirteen years old, Prince Albert, joined the Naval College on the Isle of Wight where, it is recorded, he felt "isolated and vulnerable". He found there, a "sympathetic mentor" in Lieutenant-Surgeon Louis Greig, the assistant medical officer, then aged twenty-eight. Louis Greig - with the later aid of an accomplice, John Colin Campbell - had, in fact, been the one who eventually "engineered" the engagement between Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and the Prince. "Louis Greig was the man called on by the royal family to transform a sickly, timid prince called Albert into the future George VI". The book shown - "Louis and the Prince" - was written by Greig's grandson, Geordie Greig, and was published by Hodder & Stoughton in 1999. Paperback edition, May 2000 - ISBN: 0340728833.

By way of a pair of Family Vault asides, Anstruther family cousin, Sir Ralph Hugo Anstruther (1921-2002) became the Queen Mother's long-serving Treasurer and Equerry. He joined Clarence House in 1961 after a distinguished Army career and retired in 1998. He died in 2002, just under two months after the woman he had served so loyally for some forty years - years which saw momentous social changes both in global terms and in terms of the role of the Royal Family itself on that global stage.

Sir Ralph's paternal uncle, Harry Anstruther, had two children. The younger of these was Joyce Anstruther (b. 1901) - later known as the writer and poet, Jan Struther - who was educated privately in London and who attended her lessons with Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Joyce used to sit behind the future queen and was not beyond occasionally dipping the long (later 'royal') tresses into her ink-well. In later life, when quizzed about this by an Anstruther family member, the ever-tactful Queen Mother declared that she could recall nothing of it! The Anstruther Baronetcy now descends via the line of Douglas Anstruther, Joyce's elder sibling and grandfather in the maternal line of this site.

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