Maxtone Graham Arms and Tartan

(1861) The Arms of Maxtone Graham of Cultoquhey

Quarterly. First and Fourth: Or, a chevron gules between three cross crosslets fitched azure, for Maxtone; Second and Third: Or, three piles sable within a double tressure flowered and counterflowered gules; on a chief of the second a rose betwixt two escallops of the first, for Graham. Above the shield is placed a helmet befitting his degree with a mantling gules doubled argent, and upon wreaths of the proper liveries are set the two following crests, viz: upon the dexter side a Bee proper, and in an escroll over the same this Motto: "Providus Esto", and upon the sinister a Dove proper, and in an escroll over the same this Motto: "Candide ut Secure".

Providus Esto - Be Careful

Maxtone Motto.

The bee ("proper" means in true colour) is much used in heraldry to represent industry. Napoleon adopted the bee as his badge in the belief that it had been the badge of Childeric, father of Clovis


Candide ut Secure

Graham Motto.

"This may be a mis-spelling (from earlier times) of "Candide et Secure" which translates easily as "frankly and fearlessly" or "openly and fearlessly". Fairbairn's "Book of Crests", 1905 edition, Vol.II, p.9, gives it as "Candide et Secure", with no mention of "ut"... Taken literally, "Candide ut Secure" implies to my mind that the frankness is for a purpose; and the purpose is freedom from fear. I prefer ET to UT!" (1986 - Robert Maxtone Graham scripsit)

Maxtone Graham Tartan The Maxtone Grahams traditionally wear Graham of Montrose tartan; though some of the old family tartan is Graham of Menteith.

Artwork: dds - The arms of Graham of Balgowan impaled with an eagle displayed. The arms of Graham of Balgowan impaled with an eagle displayed.

The eagle displayed is found in all the arms of prominent members of the Carnegie family. In this case, it denotes the marriage in 1702 of John Graham 5th of Balgowan and Elizabeth, daughter of James Carnegie of Balnamoon, Forfarshire (see Burke's Extinct Peerage, 1883, page 239, col 2). He died in 1749. She was born on 10 November 1684, so was only 18 when she married. All their 4 daughters and 5 sons died without issue, except the eldest son. He was Lynedoch's father.

The Grahams of Balnamoon were a cadet branch of the family which became the Earls of Southesk and Northesk. (See Scots Peerage, Vol VIII, pp 61-62.). David Carnegie of Colluthie and Kinnarid had by his second wife 4 sons, of whom the eldest were those two earls. The next was Sir Robert, then Sir Alexander Carnegie who acquired Balnamoon, and died in 1657.

His eldest surviving son, Sir John, second of Balnamoon, "a man of extravagant tastes", married in 1642 and had an eldest son, James, third of Balnamoon. He died in 1700, having married twice. By his first marriage to Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander Carnegie of Pittarrow - another Carnegie descent - he had James, 4th of Balnamoon, died unmarried. Alexander, who succeeded his brother, and the above Elizabeth, married to John Graham of Balgowan. The Carnegies of Balnamoon did not matriculate their own arms at the Lyon Office, it seems; but like lots of Carnegies they unofficially used the eagle displayed. Rob Maxtone Graham/Robert Maxtone Graham 1/2002.

Burke's Landed Gentry - ScotlandMAXTONE GRAHAM FORMERLY OF CULTOQUHEY - Burke's Landed Gentry (Scotland) - View the Maxtone Graham entry. The article found there was created for the newly published (web-based) Burke's Landed Gentry (Scotland) Family Homepages - courtesy of Nina Hugill. Further family photographs appear there with the permission of Robert Maxtone Graham.